There are some basic needs in our life which are very important to be fulfilled and toilet is one among them. One may have this facility in their house but that is not enough as there are large number of population who spent most of their work time in streets and roads for their livelihood. The restrooms or washrooms constructed by the government in public places are known as public toilets.
The facility of toilets is not free but these toilets are affordable for the commoners. The charge varies between Rs 2 to Rs 5. People of lower income group or the working class uses these toilets and many poor people who don’t have the sanitation facility also make use of these public toilets.
When we talk about these toilets in India, there are many toilets which are not maintained and are not hygienic at all. Joshua C D, a student from Bangalore feels that public toilets are not clean at all. “Whenever I travelled to other cities by Volvo buses, the bus stops in mid ways for refreshments and the toilets made in mid ways smells like anything” adds Joshua. He also says that sometimes you will not even find water in these toilets.
Today, the needs of toilets are increasing because of increase in population day by day. Apart from other major public issues, the problem of public toilet is great matter of concern so the government has also started looking into these issues. There are public toilets in many cities of India but in some cities, the numbers of toilets are not sufficient according to the present population status.
The west Bengal government said recently that Kolkata is going to get India’s first two-story public lavatories where ground floor will be for ladies and the first and second floors for Gents. Presently it has 225 public toilets and Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) will build 170 more toilets. Each toilet will cost Rs 18 lakh where 17 lakh will be contributed by central government.
As per the report in Delhi, there are 3,712 public toilets for men and 269 for women in 10 out of 12 zones of city. Activists say that the lack of toilets for women is a serious problem, not just in cities but also in rural areas. Women are unsafe and using these lavatories is so risky for them that even rapes and other violence also takes place.
The number of toilets in Nagpur is 128 which include 60 pay-and-use toilets maintained by Sulabh International. Most of the urinals installed by the (NMC) in several zones are in worst condition.
Vivek roshan, A Bihar police staff says that they always have to travel for duty in different locations of the state so everywhere there is need of toilets. “I usually don’t prefer to urinate anywhere in open because toilets are basic need of life and it should be made in each and every public place” adds Vivek.
Today, public toilet is not only important for the people to get the facility but it is also a place of women security where not only the need of toilet can be fulfilled but at the same time safety of individuals can also be achieved.