If we talk about India, the first picture come to our mind is the green field on large area of land. The farmers, children, women can be seen working in these fields which are the common highway scene. May it travel through bus, car, two wheelers or train, one cannot miss the Indian green grounds which are not only far from cities but they are the most important section of society popularly known as Village.
No matter there are intensive methods of farming coming up in many developing countries but India agriculture is known for its hard working farmer’s contribution even today. These things may seem very pleasant to ears but there are dark side of the Indian agriculture story as well. Many of us may have heard about the suicide attempts made by Indian farmers. If we start debating about this topic, nobody knows where it ends but in general when farmer lose their crops grown due to natural calamities like flood, drought, heavy rainfall etc. these peasants become bankrupt which lead them to commit suicide.
Few major causes which not only ends farmers but they hampers the whole agriculture structure is the use of harmful chemicals which decreases the quality of land. Today, because of the heavy use of harmful chemicals so that the crops can grow well is resulting into converting the fertile lands into barren lands. Day by day the production is going down and the prices are going up rapidly. The lands are not only getting hampered by constructing buildings but the way of cultivation itself is the major cause behind it.
You must have heard your grandfather saying that, during our days; the food was too healthy which is the most important reason of our healthy body. Everything was pure during those days but today, everything is impure with some mixture in it. This statement itself means that there is vast difference in the process of crops growing in those days and the process today. The traditional process which should be followed in those days is known as ‘Organic farming’.
When the soil is free from impurities like plastic and other industrial waste, the fertile soil which consist of manure including dead animals, human or animal excreta and plants waste. All these components mixed in a soil makes it fertile and fit for cultivation which is the nutrients as well as food for soil and is highly needed for organic farming.
If you are not aware of the term ‘Organic’, it may lead you to think weather is it something related to organ or it a something natural? This concept is off Couse directly related to organs of dead animals so organic farming is nothing but it’s the best way to grow crops without any harmful chemicals or pesticides which causes maltreatment to the crops.
If there is inflation still, then what is the use of putting chemicals / pesticides for growing vegetables? Even the chemical farming is not so successful or increases production to meet the needs of common man as well as below poverty line population, then why the rates of food items are increasing day by day. It’s much better to have organic farming even if the production will be less, the young generation studying in agricultural universities will definitely do something big to enhance more and more organic farming which can not only help us in keeping ourselves healthy but will beat the inflation as well.
It’s high time now when people should get pure food to eat. At least everyone deserves to intake chemical free diet. Imagine if there will be no chemical use in the growing process of these crops, the immunity system of the present generation will also be same as the physical strength of the old times from where our parents or grandparents belong to.
There are generally three categories of farmers, First: the organic farmers who are already doing this kind of farming and have adopted traditional way of farming. Second: in this group, those farmers who have newly moved to the way of organic farming due to drawbacks of inorganic farming. Third: these are the farmers who all adopted the commercial organic agriculture so that they can also get good market by making profit.
Maximum numbers of farmers fall in the first category which has traditional way of doing cultivation but they are not certified, second category of agrarians involved of both certified and un-certified but at the same time more of third category farmers are certified. The third categories of Commercial farmers are growing popular today.
So the idea of organic farming should never be new to our eyes, the time has come when we the individuals can transform the whole scenario into the golden and olden days. This great idea is possible with the help of doing organic farming in terrace. In cities today, there are shortages of place so to avoid these shortcomings; the new system of organic farming on home or office terrace has come up where one can grow different vegetables as well as crops on their terrace. The terrace garden which is capable in growing some crops and vegetables are also known as ‘Kitchen garden’.
There are many herbs and vegetables which can be grown on your kitchen garden like Methi, Coriander, Palak, Mint, Beans, Brinjal, Ladies Finger, Cow pea, Chow chow, Malabar cucumber, Potatoes, Raddish, Beetroot, Sponge Gourd, Bitter Gourds, Green chillies etc. some flower plants like chrysanthemum, marigold, hibiscus, periwinkle, Four 'o' clock flower plants and many more which can be grown on top of your house.
Kishore Kumar, a Bangalore resident who has a terrace garden feels that with the green grasses and fragrance of beautiful flowers, many vegetables can also be easily grown on roof tops. “I have grown some vegetables which include tomatoes, palak, methi, coriander etc. which we also use for cooking purpose in our homes” adds Kishore. One does not have to depend on the unfit way of farming products. The food what we eat can be now grown into our homes in a simple manner of thinking and by putting small effort. If all the terrace of houses, apartments as well offices will be converted into garden, the day will not be far when more than half of the population will be able to consume organic food by adopting the organic way of life.